Support Center / Download and setup / How to install a VPN on Debian

How to install a VPN on Debian

Our app officially supports Linux Debian 10+. It should also work with most distros based on these Linux versions (not Ubuntu Server or Raspbian), but they are not officially supported.

Proton VPN running on Debian 11

1. Get the Proton VPN repository setup DEB package

This package contains the repository configuration and keys that are required to install the Proton VPN app.

Download the Proton VPN DEB package

2. Install the Proton VPN repository

Double-click the downloaded DEB package to install the repository using your default package manager. 

Please don’t try  to check the GPG signature of this release package (dpkg-sig –verify). Our internal release process is split into several part and the release package is signed with a GPG key, and the repo is signed with another GPG key. So the keys don’t match.

If you want to check the repo package integrity, you can check its checksum with the following command:

echo "c409c819eed60985273e94e575fd5dfd8dd34baef3764fc7356b0f23e25a372c  protonvpn-stable-release_1.0.3_all.deb" | sha256sum --check -

3. Update the apt-get package list

The following command updates the list of available packages and their versions. Doing this allows you to install the Proton VPN App. Open Terminal and enter:

sudo apt-get update

4. Install the Proton VPN Linux app

Last step! Type this command:

sudo apt-get install protonvpn

Linux system tray icon

Please note that we don’t support the system tray icon on Debian 11 because the package gir1.2-appindicator3-0.1 has been depreciated and is not present on Debian 11.

Our Linux app can show a system tray icon that stays active when you close the main Proton VPN window and allows you to easily Quick Connect or Disconnect.

To install the system tray icon, open Terminal and enter:

sudo apt install gnome-shell-extension-appindicator gir1.2-appindicator3-0.1

You might be asked to select your default displays manager. If you are unsure which it is, enter the following command into a new terminal window to find out:

grep '/usr/s\?bin' /etc/systemd/system/display-manager.service

Restart your system.

Once installed, simply log in with your Proton account credentials. If you do not yet have an account, you can sign up for a Free Proton VPN plan for Linux.

You are now ready to protect your online activity and access blocked content with Proton VPN.

Note: The system tray icon may not work on Debian 11 because it requires dependencies that have been deprecated.

Learn how to use the Proton VPN Linux app


1. Uninstall the official app

To uninstall the official app:

sudo apt-get autoremove protonvpn

Remove any leftover files:

rm -rf ~/.cache/protonvpn


rm -rf ~/.config/protonvpn

2. Disable Kill Switch if you have uninstalled the app

The Kill Switch can be easily disabled from within the official Linux app, but this will not be possible if you uninstalled the app first without disabling the Kill Switch. This may result in your system being unable to access the internet. To remove the Kill Switch after the app has been uninstalled:

a) Identify Proton VPN connection names by running the command:

nmcli connection show --active

This will display a list of all your system’s active connections.

b) Look for any connections with the pvpn- This usually includes pvpn-killswitch and pvpn-ipv6leak-protection, and may include pvpn-routed-killswitch. Delete all these connections using the following command:

nmcli connection delete [connection name]

For example:

nmcli connection delete pvpn-killswitch

c) Re-run the following command to verify that Proton VPN connections have been deleted:

nmcli connection show --active

If any Proton VPN connections remain, delete them as described above.

3. Required dependencies

Our Linux app needs one of the following dependencies installed in order to work. Installing both of these dependencies is not recommended as it may cause problems:

  • KWallet or
  • Gnome-keyring

Note that most distros come pre-installed with one of these dependencies, so usually no additional configuration is required. Also required is:

  • systemd

4. Try out the early release version of this app

The early access version of our Linux app gives you access to new features before they are released publicly, but it is still in development. By using the early access version and sharing your feedback, you can help us find and address bugs. 

However, if you are new to Linux or are concerned about your threat model, we recommend that you download the stable version of our Proton VPN Linux app.

Important: You cannot upgrade from the early access version of our Linux app to the stable version. You will need to uninstall the early access app and then install the official app. Similarly, if you are using the stable version of our Linux VPN app, you should uninstall it before installing the early access version. 

If you would like to install the early access version instead of the stable release of this app, download this package instead of the one linked to in step 1 of the guide above.

Download the early access version of the Proton VPN DEB package

Instructions for the setup and use are otherwise identical to those for the release version of our app. To check the integrity of the package, use the following command:

echo "caba770e3544a4f33b7d5718dedd8bc1d06cfcd2b2f8c4f33b5a42d15a78e74a  protonvpn-beta-release_1.0.3_all.deb" | sha256sum --check -

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